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How Germany's Still Divided By East and West
What Is Socialism?
At the end of World War II, Germany was divided into four parts, each to be under control of a different world power. The U.S., the USSR, France, and the UK all took a portion of Germany. The Soviet Union took the entire Eastern portion of the country, which included the city of Berlin. However, given the historical and political significance of the German capital, it was decided that Berlin would also be divided into portions for foreign control.
This precarious arrangement did not last long. As the Cold War quickly came underway, the Soviet Union's ambitions grew. It wanted to seize as much territory as possible and expand socialism in Eastern Germany and beyond. Soviet forces blocked railway access into West Berlin, prompting the famous Berlin airlift in which a coalition of military forces brought vital supplies to West Berliners by military aircraft. The Soviet Union eventually began constructing a massive Inner-German Border wall to prevent emigration from Eastern Germany. This wall was lined with land mines, barbed wire, and thousands of Eastern German troops.
As the Cold War intensified, the Soviet Union became more intent on isolating its people from the West. In 1961, the Berlin Wall was erected: a 100-mile (161-km) long barrier enclosing all of West Berlin. It was finally torn down in 1989, a symbolic end to the Cold War.
The Many Divisions of Germany (newsflicks.com)
"Unlike say England or France or Spain, Germany's borders have undergone numerous changes."
Berlin Wall: What you need to know about the barrier that divided East and West (independent.co.uk)
"Sunday will mark 25 years since the Berlin Wall was torn down, ending almost 30 years of division in the German capital."
Berlin's Ghost Stations (slowtravelberlin.com)
"I've been fascinated by the subway all my life. "