Why Economies Cannot Succeed Without Immigrants
Many countries with some of the fastest growing EU economies have open door policies towards immigrants. Is there a connection between them?
Each week on TestTubePlus, we pick one topic and cover it from multiple angles. This week's subject is immigration. Over the course of this series, we're going to dig super-deep into the idea of immigration and how it affects basically everything. So far, Trace has explored where the concept of citizenship came from, what the difference between migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers are, and what happens when countries are hostile towards immigrants. In this episode, he looks at what happens when countries open their borders to allow immigrants in.
Let's start by looking at countries that have open borders or lean immigration laws, like Ireland, which grants political rights to noncitizens like ability to vote, and freedom to join the police force and run for local office. The Dublin suburb of Portlaoise elected Nigerian-born Rotimi Adebari as Ireland's first black mayor. Ireland also has become the fastest-growing EU economy in 2015. Spain also allows immigrants in by way of North Africa, Latin America. As a result, they have seen a huge construction boom and large growth in minimum wage agriculture and service jobs. Spain has also become one of the leading EU economies in 2015. Israel, in it's quest to remain a Jewish state, freely allows Jews from North America and the former Soviet Union. 40 percent of Israel's population is made of immigrants. They offer grants of $3,000 to $10,000 as an incentive for jewish immigrants, and under Israeli law, Jews are automatically granted Israeli citizenship. As a result, Israel has a low unemployment, healthy economy, and a growing GDP.
All of these examples seem to show that liberal immigration laws result in the economic growth of that country. But can we measure the value of an "immigrant nation"? The U.S. has long stood as the leading example: our country hosts roughly 20 percent of the world's migrants, and even though we only represent 5 percent of the total world population, more than 45 million immigrants live in the U.S., making up 14.3 percent of the population, more than four times as many living in any other nation in the world. Some of the most famous and successful Americans in history were immigrants: Einstein, Tesla, Musk, and Sergei Brin, one of the founders of Google, are just a handful of examples. Immigrants in the U.S. make up a large percentage of our engineers, scientists, and innovators. According to the Census Bureau, despite making up only 16 percent of the resident population holding a college degree, immigrants represent 33 percent of engineers, 27 percent of mathematicians, statisticians, and computer scientists, and 24 percent of physical scientists. Not to mention the cultural richness America's immigrants give our nation...
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US immigration legislation online (library.uwb.edu/)
"This act helped those individuals who were victims of persecution by the Nazi government or who were fleeing persecution, and someone who could not go back to their country because of fear of persecution based on race, religion or political opinions. This act dealt directly with Germany, Austria, and Italy, the French sector of either Berlin or Vienna or the American or British Zone and a native of Czechoslovakia."
Citizenship (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
"A citizen is a member of a political community who enjoys the rights and assumes the duties of membership. This broad definition is discernible, with minor variations, in the works of contemporary authors as well as in the entry "citoyen" in Diderot's and d'Alembert's Encyclopédie."
Thomas Hobbes Biography (Biography.com)
"Thomas Hobbes, an English philosopher in the 17th century, was best known for his book Leviathan (1651) and his political views on society."