Image: A chimpanzee mother and her infant. (Courtesy of Dr. Mike Wilson, Jane Goodall Institute, via Science-AAAS).
Chimpanzees self-medicate, suggests a new study in the journal Physiology & Behavior, which also mentions many of their consumed plants with medicinal properties. Here is the list:
Aneilema aequinoctiale leaves de-wormer Antiaris toxicaria leaves anti-tumor
(Wikimedia Commons Image)
Bosqueia phoberos leaves anti-bacterial Chaetacme aristata bark anti-bacterial Cordia abyssinica pith anti-malarial, anti-tuberculosis, anti-bacterial Diospyros abyssinica leaves multiple biological activities Ficus capensis leaves anti-bacterial and multiple biological activities Ficus exasperata unripe fruits de-worming agent, reduces stomach acids Ficus natalensis bark anti-bacterial Ficus stipulifera leaves anti-malarial, anti-bacterial Ficus urceolaris /Ficus asperifolia leaves dewormer Illigera pentaphylla leaves anti-bacterial, anti-malarial Jasminum abyssinicum leaves de-wormer Lepisanthes senegalensis leaves anti-malarial Mimusops bagshawei leaves anti-malarial Monodora myristica leaves de-wormer, anti-malarial Myrianthus arboreus leaves anti-malarial Neoboutonia macrocalyx dead wood many biological properties Olea welwitschii leaves anti-malarial, other properties Parinari excelsa leaves numerous biological properties Phytolacca dodecandra unripe fruits anti-viral, spermicidal and more Psychotria mahonii root anti-malarial Pterygota mildbraedii leaves anti-bacterial Rothmannia urcelliformis leaves anti-bacterial Rubia cordifolia leaves de-wormer