"There's more interest in dry sensors," Ayaz said. "They're practical for everyday use because you don't need to use gel every time. If we see improvement in the types of signal processing and machinery used, we can reach more sophisticated outlets."
Thinking Ahead Although it will be quite some time before brain-controlled interfaces become part of people's everyday lives, Garten speculates that the technology could take on other forms that fit more seamlessly into people's daily routines.
"It could be another device on your prescription glasses, or a part of cellphones...things that sit near your ear naturally," she said. "There will be some sort of technology we'll be wearing in order to mediate all of our communications years from now."
How many years are we talking about before BCI goes mainstream? It will depend on not just the pace of innovation, but consumer acceptance.
"Just given the advances that need to happen in algorithm detection and consumer behavior, 20 to 25 years is really the right time frame for to be pertinent in the way that touch screens are today," Garten predicted.