Related on TestTube
Why Do Private Armies Fight America's Wars?
What Countries Don't Have an Army?
In some countries, military service is a mandatory part of civilian life. Recently, Lithuania, faced with the looming threat of Russian aggression, announced plans to instate mandatory conscription for its young population. As explored in detail here, conscription has a long history, going back all the way to ancient Egypt. Some countries around the world continue the practice today, but by and large, most countries rely on trained volunteer armies. Switzerland, for instance, still has a draft policy in place, as a way of uniting its multi-lingual population. Israel, on the other hand, requires military and civil service for all citizens largely out of circumstances. Israel is a small country and some of its neighbors are quite hostile to the country. Russia and China have mandatory conscription as they are often in military conflicts and need a large number of soldiers to serve. While conscription and civil service can be a source of pride, it can be heavily abused in parts of the world, like North Korea and Eritrea. Human rights groups say these countries often force people to serve under harsh conditions, sometimes for indefinite periods of time.
Lithuania to reintroduce conscription over security concerns (bbc.com)
"Lithuania is to reintroduce conscription over concerns about "the current geopolitical environment" in the Baltic states, President Dalia Grybauskaite says."
Military Conscription Policy by Country (chartsbin.com)
"This map shows the status of Conscription Policy by country."
Switzerland referendum voters to keep army conscription (bbc.com)
"Swiss voters want to keep the country's compulsory military service, exit polls from the latest national referendum on the topic have suggested."