Montreal is a fascinating city. It's the second most populous city in Canada and one of the mainstays of Francophone culture in North America. The city's convenient location, at the meeting for the St. Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers, has made it a hub of culture and commerce for centuries.
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When French navigator Jacques Cartier came through the area in 1535, he visited the St. Lawrence Iroquois village of Hochelaga. It was a settlement consisting of 50 longhouses and 1,500 inhabitants. Wars and the introduction of European diseases likely contributed to the disappearance of the St. Lawrence Iroquois. By the end of the 16th century, the tribe was no longer identifiable is a distinct population.
In 1642, Montreal was founded as a missionary colony. The fur trade became a major source of income and tensions, with wars waged between the French and native tribes for control of this industry. Peace was established in 1701. French and British halves of Canada were united under British rule in 1763 and British became the majority population of Montreal in 1831. French remains an official language of Canada and is common throughout Quebec.
Read more about life in Montreal:
Encyclopedia Britannica: Canada
The Canadian Encyclopedia: Montreal