Given that it is rarely brought into international controversies, Canada is a major world power that can often be overlooked. Due to its expansive but relatively uninhabitable area, Canada is one the least densely populated countries in the world. It's also one of the most prosperous.
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You can't talk about Canada without addressing its size. Canada is the second largest country in terms of area and has the longest coastline. Half of the country is covered by a swampy, rocky area called the Canadian Shield. Not much can be grown here but it holds rich mineral deposits. Overall, Canadians enjoy a high standard of living. The labor force is highly skilled and the country is the US's largest foreign supplier of energy. After the financial crisis of 2008, Canada's major banks emerged as some of the strongest in the world, thanks to early intervention and conservative lending.
Canada is known for it's diversity, which has historical origins. Canadians are mostly of French and British descent, which makes sense, given the country used to be divided in two parts - a French-speaking lower part and an English-speaking upper part - until 1867. Although, Canada gained independence from Britain in 1931, Queen Elizabeth is still their queen as well.
Read more on the misconceptions we have about Canada:
The World Factbook: Canada
National Geographic: Canada Facts