Burton's pictures suggested that King Tut could have been a little better endowed and led to speculation that the boy pharaoh suffered from a variant of Antley-Bixler syndrome, a genetic mutation that produces elongated skulls and under-developed genitalia.
But according to a recently published study, this is one of the many medical claims for which not enough evidence can be found.
Dozens of diagnoses have been proposed since the mummy was first unwrapped by Carter in 1925, ranging from infectious diseases, metabolic disorders, tumorous conditions, trauma and even murder.
"Through CT scans we found he had an accident two hours before he died. I really believe this accident could be a chariot accident," Dr. Zahi Hawass, the author of the recently published book "Discovering Tutankhamun: From Howard Carter to DNA," told Discovery News.
According to Frank Rühli, Head of the Centre for Evolutionary Medicine at the University of Zurich in Switzerland and Salima Ikram, professor of Egyptology at The American University in Cairo, who authored the study, even with the best medical and forensic work, it is doubtful that all aspects of Tutankhamun's health and possible causes for his death will ever be known.
"It is just possible he died of the flu," Ikram said.