How's this for a senior project?
A team of student engineers at Cornell University is hoping to put a satellite into lunar orbit by 2018, as part of their undergraduate and graduate course work. It's the kind of thing you want to e-mail your parents about, to keep the tuition checks coming in. And this isn't any old satellite, either. It's about the size of a cereal box, for one thing. And it will use water as its primary propellant.
The Cislunar Explorers project is one of several competitors in the Cube Quest Challenge, a NASA-sponsored competition to develop very small satellites capable of advanced operations both around the moon and in deep space. The Cornell project -- and the NASA competition as a whole -- is based around CubeSat design technology, which focuses on making small, inexpensive satellites with mostly off-the-shelf components. (The NASA image above shows two CubeSats in orbit.)
RELATED: Tiny 'ThumbSats' Aim to Bring Space to All
Sometimes called nanosatellites, CubeSat spacecraft are primarily used for academic and research projects and usually weigh less than three pounds. They're often deployed as auxiliary payloads on previously planned missions.
Such is the case with the Cornell CubeSat device, which would be the first to orbit the moon if it earns a payload slot on NASA's Space Launch System (SLS) rocket in early 2018. Like other CubeSats, the Cornell satellite will need to catch a ride on traditional rocket technology to get into space. But once it's there, the miniature spacecraft will inch its way into orbit using a rather curious propellant -- water.
If all goes well, it will work like this: After being jettisoned from the SLS rocket, the CubeSat will split into two L-shaped components. Each portion will have a small reservoir of water onboard, which will be converted into hydrogen and oxygen via electrolysis -- using energy harvested from the sun. Controlled combustion will then provide the propulsion needed to guide the craft into lunar orbit -- about 6,200 miles above the surface of the moon.