Einstein’s theory of general relativity talks about how a body of mass can warp the fabric of space. If the body is massive enough, like a red supergiant star when it’s dying, it can collapse into itself and form a black hole This completely distorts spacetime and it’s gravity affects everything around it.
Through the death of such a massive star, which happens by the star slowly cooling in temperature causing the core to no longer sustain nuclear fusion and becoming unstable, the star will either explode into a supernova and then collapse into a blackhole, or it can just collapse into a blackhole--no supernova required.
Now, from Einstein’s theory also came the idea that if there are two black holes, then they may be connected through a wormhole. This is also known as the Einstein-Rosen bridge. The wormhole wouldn’t be traversable because it would be too unstable to remain open for anyone to travel through. It would require a lot of quantum negative energy to counteract the immense gravity from the black holes in order for the throat of the wormhole to not collapse.
Up until now, based on Einstein’s theories of how gravity works in space, nothing should come out of a black hole; but based on quantum mechanics in the universe, nothing disappears completely. This is the paradox. How can both theories work together in understanding black holes and traversable wormholes?
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