Freud would say sex is at the center of human development, but procreation is literally the goal of most every species on our planet. So what is actually happening to our brain before, during, and after sex?
Usually, before sex happens, the body has to get aroused. That involves a bunch of different biological processes. In meta analysis of 58 studies by Dr. Carla Clark on a site called BrainBlogger, the four components of sex are cognitive, emotional, motivational, and physiological. The cognitive component involves the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and the limbic reward and emotion systems. The emotional component involves the brain’s emotional center, the amygdala, which is thought to evaluate emotional connection and content of the sexual stimulation.