How Much Neuroscience Is Actually Allowed In The Courtroom?

Both the brain and the law regulate human behavior, and as brain imaging techniques become more advanced, the intersection between neuroscience and law, called neurolaw, is becoming more important. Criminal defenses centered around mental health are already becoming increasingly popular. While the defense seems weak in some scenarios, there is some credibility to a defendant with abnormal neural activity or a previously undiagnosed disorder that should be taken into consideration.

However, the methods that are used to measuring mental capability in the courtroom are not entirely reliable. Common techniques like psychological evaluations and lie detectors could suggest a defendant's guilt, but correlation does not necessarily equal causation. Until concrete, infallible techniques are developed, neurolaw remains at a standstill.