Though organ sales do occur, there is no evidence of an organized black market in stolen organs, and in fact it would be nearly impossible to conceal an entire organ-snatching ring.
Sophisticated medical equipment must be used, and donors and recipients must be carefully matched. Blood and tissue typing must be done in advance. The operation would take between four and six hours and involve 10 to 20 support staff. Highly paid surgeons and medical staff are unlikely to risk performing such unethical and illegal operations, thus jeopardizing both their licenses and their reputations.
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Still, such claims and rumors surface now and then. In May of this year, a British family on vacation in India accused workers in a clinic there of killing their 8-year-old daughter, Gurkiren Kaur Loyal, so that her organs could be harvested.
Dangers of Legends Like most urban legends, the "baby parts" story doesn't need to be true for it to have very real - and potentially dangerous - consequences. Organ donations have dropped in some areas where the rumors spread. In many poor areas, such as in the slums surrounding Brazil's major cities including Rio de Janiero, residents avoid hospitals out of fear that their organs may be taken if they are sedated. The results can be tragic since the poor are frequently those who need medical services the most.