Ötzi the Iceman suffered from a large number of oral pathologies, according to a new dental examination of the 5,300-year-old mummy.
Carried out at the Centre for Evolutionary Medicine at the University of Zurich, Switzerland, the research confirmed a preliminary study presented two years ago at the seventh world congress on mummy studies in San Diego, Calif.: The Iceman had very bad teeth.
"He had everything: dental trauma, paradontal disease, abrasion and caries," study co-author Frank Rühli, head of the Swiss Mummy Project at the University of Zurich, told Discovery News.
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Since his discovery in 1991 in a melting glacier in the Ötztal Alps - hence the name - the mummy has been extensively investigated.
Scientists discovered that Ötzi had brown eyes, was lactose intolerant, had a genetic predisposition for an increased risk for coronary heart disease, and probably had Lyme disease.
It's certain he died a violent death: In 2007, CT scans showed that an arrowhead had lacerated the left subclavian artery, leading to fast, deadly bleeding.