The 1960's was a time for free love and experimentation in America. The hippie counterculture was on the rise and it was threatening a more traditional way of life. It was easy for the U.S. government to point the finger at sexual promiscuity as the source of the problem, but the real threat was the changing reality that people were experiencing as they experimented with mind-altering drugs like LSD. As Jason Silva says in this video, the real threat was "ontological promiscuity."
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Dr. Albert Hoffman, who discovered the psychological effects of LSD, was simply trying to find a compound that would stimulate the respiratory and circulatory systems. During the process he accidentally dosed himself with LSD and experienced feelings of restlessness but also saw intense colors and visuals and became quite euphoric. The next day he decided to take 250 micrograms, 10 times more than today's typical minimum dose, to observe what would happen.
At first he became quite delirious and started fearing he might be going insane, but after a while the fear subsided and he once again experienced feelings of euphoria. He wrote in his journal that these feelings even persisted the next day. "Everything glistened and sparkled in a fresh light. The world was as if newly created. All my senses vibrated in a condition of highest sensitivity, which persisted for the entire day."
It's not surprising that this kind of experience helped change the way we perceive reality. The changing perception of reality that occurred in the 60's help shape the values and culture of our society as we know it today.