For the first time, researchers have teleported 10,000 bits of information per second from point A to point B across a distance of about six millimeters and inside a solid state circuit, similar to a computer chip.
Although the accomplishment differs from teleporting mass, like a person - such as that seen on science fiction shows like Star Trek - the remarkable feat demonstrates what could be possible with a quantum computer.
The scientists, from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich, report their findings in this week's issue of Nature.
In their experiment, the team spaced three micron-sized electronic circuits on a seven-by-seven-millimeter computer chip. Two of the circuits worked as a sending mechanism, while the other served as the receiver. The scientists cooled the chip to near absolute zero and ran a current through the circuits.
At that frigid temperature and small scale, the electrons in the circuit - which are the quantum bits of information, the qubits - started to behave according to the rules of quantum mechanics. The qubits became entangled. This means they become linked, sharing identical quantum states, even if physically separated from one other.