"Sometimes Hollywood is more powerful than all the U.N. system put together," Bandarin said.
Syria's cultural heritage is unique. As Asma al-Assad remarked in her acceptance speech of the doctorate, it's a land where "those essential human attributes -- culture, society and civilization -- first flourished."
Along with Mesopotamia, the country echoes the main advances made by humankind such as the birth of the first villages and what is believed to be the world's first alphabet. Ironically, it is also here that archaeologists found the first evidence for the use of chemical weapons.
Over four millennia, Syria's valleys and deserts have witnessed everything from Biblical civilizations, Roman conquerors and Christian Crusaders. The result is an abundance of unique monuments which include Roman cities, castles and forts, medieval Islamic markets, palaces, mosques and cathedrals.
"The country has tens of thousands of archaeological sites, not all of which have been recorded or even discovered yet. Before the crisis, new sites were being discovered all the time," Emma Cunliffe, Global Heritage Preservation Fellow Postgraduate Researcher at Durham University, and author of "Damage to the Soul: Syria's Cultural Heritage in Conflict," told Discovery News.