The researchers respond that these alarmist dystopian scenarios reflect a "techno-deterministic" worldview where technological systems, when given too much autonomy, become destructive not only for society but also for the human race.
"It implies a distinction between human and machine," the authors write. "It seems to offer a clear 'evolutionary' break or categorical distinction between humans-in-control of machines versus autonomous weapons as machines-in-control-of-themselves."
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But what if we coded machine intelligence in such a way that robots don't even make a distinction between human and machine? It's an intriguing idea: If there's no "us" and no "them," there can be no "us versus them."
Indeed, Karppi suggested that we may be able to tweak the way future machines think about humans on a fundamental level.
"One possible scenario might be to try to think of robots and machine intelligence as social," he said. "How these systems are working together with humans - not independently and in opposition to humans."