With the drill on Mars disabled, NASA engineers on Earth have spent several months testing new ways to make the instrument work again on Mars. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory has a “Mars yard” where rovers are regularly tested for work on the Red Planet; it’s also used for troubleshooting issues when they arise on Mars. A near-twin of Curiosity underwent testing there to come up with a new way to get the work done.
NASA is testing a new technique called “feed-extended drilling,” in which the motion of the drill’s arm moves the bit directly into the rock. During the test, which was conducted on Oct. 17, Curiosity cautiously moved its drill to the ground, pressing the arm down and also moving sideways slightly. It took measurements with a force sensor, in order to make sure that the drill didn’t get stuck in the rock.
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“This is the first time we’ve ever placed the drill bit directly on a Martian rock without stabilizers,” said JPL’s Douglas Klein, chief engineer for the mission’s return-to-drilling development, in a statement. “The test is to gain better understanding of how the force/torque sensor on the arm provides information about side forces.”
Besides changing the drilling procedure, Curiosity’s managers are also looking at ways to deliver samples to the rover’s deck without using the drill feed mechanism. (The previous process required that the drill be withdrawn, and not fully extended.) Curiosity has acquired sample material using the drill just 15 times between 2013 and 2016.
The rover landed in Gale Crater in August 2012 and quickly found evidence of environments altered by water. It arrived at its ultimate destination, Aeolis Mons (which NASA nicknames Mount Sharp) in September 2014. The rover has steadily been progressing upwards on the mountain, looking at layers to learn more about how the mountain was formed – and how much water was available.
Curiosity is currently on “Vera Rubin Ridge” on the lower part of Mount Sharp, looking at an iron-oxide mineral called hematite, a mineral that tends to be deposited in water-rich environments.
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