The Federatsiya is designed to fly to the Moon with four people on board. The first manned test launch is planned in 2023 from Russia's new Vostochny cosmodrome in the country's far east.
The criteria for applicants include an age limit of 35, height between 1 meter 50 centimeters and 1 meter 90 (4 foot, 11 inches to 6 foot, 2 inches) and weight of no more than 90 kilograms (14 stone, 2 pounds), according to Roscosmos.
IT skills and knowledge of a foreign language are required, as well as an engineering degree or pilot training or experience in the aviation or space industries.
RELATED: Russia Cargo Spacecraft Burns Up After Failed Launch
A high standard of fitness is a must and would-be astronauts have to cross-country ski for 5 kilometers. They undergo a barrage of psychological and physical tests including gynecological examinations for women.
Applicants can apply by post or in person to Star City astronaut training center outside Moscow, remembering to enclose three passport-sized photographs.
Russia currently has 30 cosmonauts, 14 of whom have never been to space. The oldest is 58-year-old Gennady Padalka, who holds the world record for total time spent in space, while the youngest is 31-year-old Ivan Vagner, according to TASS state news agency.
The first such open recruitment drive - not just for military pilots and those working in the space industry - was held in 2012.