Running in Space is a Punishing Challenge
Though they don’t bear the burden of gravity, astronauts who run aboard the International Space Station can commiserate with participants in the New York City Marathon, though weightlessness presents them with different types of challenges.
Though they don't bear the burden of gravity, astronauts who run aboard the International Space Station can commiserate with participants in the New York City Marathon, though weightlessness presents them with different types of challenges.
NASA astronaut Michael Hopkins, a 46-year-old Air Force colonel who served more than five months as a space station flight engineer from September 2013 to March 2014, said running on the station's treadmill often wasn't a cardio workout, like it is on Earth, but an exercise in bearing a load.
The treadmill includes a bulky harness and bungee cords to hold astronauts in place while they run.
"For me the biggest challenge is wearing a harness that you're loading up. If you were to only load that up to say one-quarter of your body weight or something it's not going to be as bad, but I would try to get it up to as close to my body weight as possible. You're carrying that on your shoulders and your hips," Hopkins told Discovery News.
"So imagine in my case, 185 pounds, and in some sense it's like carrying a 150-pound pack on your back and trying to run down here on Earth. The straps start to dig into your shoulders and your hips as well. You have that pressure, that load that's bearing down on you. You can get pains in your shoulders and things like that while you're running, and so there are times when you just have to stop and kind of just squat down and get the load off your shoulders, just kind of float near the treadmill just to get a little bit of relief. For me, that was probably one of the more challenging parts of running," he said.
Another peculiarity of microgravity exercise is that perspiration won't roll down your face and drip to the ground.
"It definitely behaves differently. You get this thin layer of sweat that just covers your arms and your neck and your head. You can just start to feel it pool up around your eye sockets, for example. It tends to stick with you, so I always kept a towel close by that I could grab and wipe that off," Hopkins said.
Astronauts typically spend two- to 2.5 hours per day exercising aboard the station, part of a protocol to mitigate muscle wasting, bone loss and other potentially dangerous effects of long-duration spaceflight.
"The longest I ran while I was up there was 12 miles and it took me basically 90 minutes, one orbit of the Earth," Hopkins said. " I like to tell people I ran around the Earth."
In 2007, NASA astronaut Sunita Williams spent more than four hours on the station's treadmill as a remote participant in the Boston Marathon, the first person to run a race in space.
Williams completed the 26.2-mile (42 kilometer) race in four hours and 24 minutes.
The New York City Marathon, which is expected to draw more than 50,000 participants, is on Sunday.
NASA astronaut Mike Hopkins works out on the International Space Station's COLBERT treadmill during a challenging workout in 2014.
On Tuesday (Oct. 7), NASA astronaut Reid Wiseman and European Space Agency astronaut Alexander Gerst ventured outside of the International Space Station to carry out some clean-up work left over from a December emergency spacewalk and to begin tackling an electrical wiring project. The duo, both spacewalk rookies, completed all their assigned tasks in 6 hours and 13 minutes. During their extra vehicular activities (EVA), both astronauts captured some stunning snapshots of their adventures on the space station exterior. A few are showcased here, including this out-of-this-world self portrait by German national Gerst.
All in a day's work for a space station crew!
When working on the space station exterior, safety is paramount. Like climbers, astronauts must be harnessed to the station at all times and, in this shot, Wiseman passes a tether hook to Gerst.
Surrounded by a mass of space station hardware, Wiseman can be seen hard at work under the dazzling glare of the sun.
To distinguish between Wiseman and Gerst, Wiseman's spacesuit has red stripes, whereas Gerst's does not.
Gerst snaps a sunlit photo of his spacesuit helmet with reflective Extravehicular Visor Assembly closed.
Wiseman continues to work on the space station exterior.
Looking down on Earth, Gerst snapped this stunning photograph of Wiseman working on the space station's coolant system.
Gerst shows off a custom-made power drill that helped the spacewalkers tighten and loosen bolts in the vacuum environment of space.
The European Columbus laboratory module looms behind Gerst as he moves the cooling system module to a more permanent location.
Apparently unfazed by his altitude, Gerst photographs his legs that have been harnessed to the space station's robotic Canadarm2 while carrying out upgrades on the station's exterior. The camera's fisheye lens captures the station's huge solar arrays in shot.
Space station astronauts experience 15 sunrises and sunsets every day, so the spacewalkers had to work through "day" and "night" several times during their 6 hour 13 minute spacewalk. As they passed into Earth's shadow, Gerst's spacesuit lights could be turned on to help him continue work at night.
"Safe to say, this was the most amazing thing I have done in my life. #spacewalk #EVA27,"
with this photograph of him tethered to the space station's robotic Canadarm2 while moving the defunct cooling system.