Rising Seas Threaten a Billion People With Flooding
Catastrophic flooding caused by climate change could put more than 1 billion people at risk, according to a new report. Continue reading →
A British humanitarian organization says the world needs to act now to prevent a billion people in coastal cities from being threatened by catastrophic flooding by 2060, due to climate change..
The new report released by Christian Aid, an organization that raises contributions for disaster relief and tries to call attention to root causes of international poverty, calls for fighting the flooding threat on multiple fronts. In addition to cutting carbon emissions to reduce the severity of global warming, the world's developed countries need to dramatically increase the amount of spending on efforts to protect populations against flooding.
The report says that by 2070, the most populous city at risk from flooding with be Kolkata, India, whose population is projected to swell to more than 14 million. Another Indian city, Mumbai, will have the next greatest number of people at risk, with 11.4 million. Dhaka, Bangladesh, Guangzhou, China, and Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam round out the top five at-risk cities. The greatest property risk is faced by a U.S.city - Miami, which will risk an estimated $3.5 billion in property losses by 2070.
Though the report didn't detail the needed measures, they could include building seawalls, restoring wetlands to absorb water, and building better systems to collect and redirect water flow during storms. Relocation of people living in low-lying areas is another potential solution. (This 2013 article from Carnegie Endowment for International Peace details various climate resilience strategies.)
But reducing the risk will be expensive. Christian Aid is calling for developed countries to increase the amount of aid provided for flood protection to $5 billion worldwide by 2020 - a ten-fold increase over present levels.
The Christian Aid report cited United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, who has said that every $1 spent on reducing the risks of disasters now will save $7 in damages later.
The report reiterates information that's previously been published in scientific journals or compiled by other international organizations. In a 2015 PLOS ONE article, for example, a team of researchers from several institutions estimated that 1 billion people would live in coastal cities at risk from catastrophic flooding by 2060. A list of at-risk cities was published by the Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development.
"I think it's cities like Kolkata, Dakar, the big mega-cities of the south and the emerging economies where the people are most vulnerable to exposure to sea-level rises and to higher rain events," the Christian Aid report's co-author, Alison Doig, told BBC News.
A 2015 flood in Kolkata, India, caused people to flee to higher ground. A new report warns that by 2060, a billion people in cities around the world will be at risk from such floods due to climate change.
You've heard a lot about how human-driven climate change will lead to hotter temperatures, cause sea levels to rise and make storms more intense. But it's projected to have plenty of other unpleasant and even disastrous effects as well. Here are 10 of them. Scientists believe that rising temperatures will lead to increased evaporation of the Great Lakes' water, and precipitation won't make up the difference. That means we're likely to see declines in water levels over the next century, and one study predicts they may drop as much as 8 feet.
Thanks to climate change, jumbo-sized ragweed plants will spew out more pollen for a longer, more miserable allergy season.
By altering the wild environment, climate change makes it easier for newly mutated microbes to jump between species, and it's likely that as a result, diseases will emerge and spread across the globe even more rapidly.
A recent Nature article reported that male Australian central bearded dragons have been growing female genitalia because of rising temperatures, a phenomenon that had not previously been observed in that species.
Rising sea levels are wiping out beaches all over the world already. Importing fresh sand and building them up again is only a temporary solution. To make matters worse, there's currently a sand shortage, due to demand from fracking, glass and cement making.
Bark beetles are eating old growth forests, because the winters aren't cold enough to kill them off. So more trees like this American Elm will die.
Warmer temperatures mean there will be more water vapor trapped in the atmosphere, leading to more lightning. A University of California-Berkeley study predicts that lightning strikes will increase by about 12 percent for every degree Celsius gained.
Wine grape harvests are being hurt. Regions that have historically supplied the world’s best wine will no longer be hospitable climates to grow wine grapes, according to research by the Environmental Defense Fund and others.
Coffee flavor depends upon really narrow conditions of temperature and moisture, and climate change is going to wreak havoc with that. Worse yet, as coffee growing regions become warmer, pests that couldn't survive in the past will ravage the crops. This is already being seen in Costa Rica, India and Ethiopia, which have experienced sharp declines in crop yields.
Scientists say that as ice sheets and glaciers melt, the weight that's removed from the Earth's crust changes the stresses upon volcanoes. That unloading effect can trigger eruptions.