Photo: Shown is the launch of the Pisces IV submersible to dive on the McCall seamount. Credit: Luis Lamar Scientists recently traveled thousands of miles below the ocean's surface to explore underwater mountain ranges of cone-shaped dormant and active volcanoes with peaks rising 9,843 feet (3,000 meters) above the seafloor off the coast of Hawaii.
Living along these seamounts, Conservation International researchers spied enough quirky and unusual marine life to fill a Dr. Seuss book.
Their findings provide a window into some of the most mysterious spots in the ocean: Tens of thousands of seamounts extend across the world's oceans, but many have never been explored, and scientists are only just beginning to discover the complexity of the ecosystems they support, one of the expedition scientists told the Conservation International (CI) blog Human Nature. [In Photos: Seamount Dives Reveal Rare Marine Life]
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Using twin submersibles named Pisces IV and Pisces V, equipped with multiple cameras, scientists led by CI dove to three seamounts: Cook seamount on Sept. 6, McCall seamount on Sept. 7, and Lo?'ihi seamount on Sept. 8. The Cook and McCall seamounts are part of a region known as the Geologist Seamounts - a ring of ancient volcanoes estimated to be about 80 million years old, according to a CI statement emailed to Live Science.
In the dark, cold and high-pressure ocean depths, the researchers found that each seamount had its own distinct and diverse ecosystem, they described Sept. 16 in Human Nature. From the submersibles, scientists observed rare and unusual creatures, such as a floppy-"eared" dumbo octopus, kitefin sharks, cutthroat eels and several unusual species of coral that could be new to science, including a colorful variety that the researchers nicknamed "purple haze."
In a video captured by the Pisces V submersible on Sept. 6, a dumbo octopus gracefully glides above the seafloor at the Cook seamount, its body color subtly shifting as it swims. One of the observing scientists can be heard in the video remarking that the octopus appeared to be molting, since folds of what looked like shedding skin were visible on its body.