ESO, Super-Earth, Barnard's Star
The nearest single star to the Sun hosts an exoplanet at least 3.2 times as massive as Earth — a so-called super-Earth. Data from a worldwide array of telescopes, including ESO’s planet-hunting HARPS instrument, have revealed this frozen, dimly lit world. The newly discovered planet is the second-closest known exoplanet to the Earth and orbits the fastest moving star in the night sky. ESO/M. Kornmesser

A Frozen Super-Earth Has Been Found in a Neighboring Star System

The discovery provides greater evidence for rocky worlds in our galaxy.

This image shows an artist’s impression of the planet’s surface. ESO/M. Kornmesser
This wide-field image shows the surroundings of the red dwarf known as Barnard’s Star. The center of the image shows Barnard’s Star captured in three different exposures. The star is the fastest moving star in the night sky and its large apparent motion can be seen as its position changes between successive observations — shown in red, yellow, and blue. | ESO/Digitized Sky Survey 2 Acknowledgement: Davide De Martin