(Frog (Litoria dux), Papua New Guinea. A large green tree-dwelling frog, Litoria dux, was discovered on the northern side of the Huon Peninsula, a 16,500 sq km area of montane and lowland forest surrounded by ocean. The frogís name comes from the Latin dux, meaning leader, alluding to its bright coloration and impressive appearance, particularly its red iris. Copyright: © WWF/Stephen Richards)
New Guinea is the largest tropical island on Earth and is divided between the countries of Papua New Guinea in the East and Indonesia in the West. It contains the third largest tract of rainforest in the world after the Amazon and the Congo.
Although New Guinea covers less than 0.5 per cent of the Earth's landmass, it shelters 6 to 8 per cent of the world's species. Over two thirds of these species are found nowhere else on earth. It is an area that is nature rich, but money poor.
"As a region with high rates of poverty, it is absolutely essential that New Guinea's precious reefs, rainforests, and wetlands are not plundered but managed sustainably for future generations," said Susanne Schmitt, New Guinea Program Manager at WWF-UK.
She concluded, "Environmental protection and economic development must go together to ensure the survival of New Guinea's unique species and natural habitats."
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