Oetzi the Iceman Copied on 3D Printer
A life-sized copy of the 5,000-year-old mummy will join a traveling exhibit.
Scientists presented Wednesday a life-sized copy, made using a 3D printer, of Oetzi the mummified 5,000-year-old "iceman" found in the Alps 25 years ago.
Pre-existing CT scans were used to make the resin replica which was then sculpted and hand-painted by US artist Gary Staab over many months, the South Tyrol Museum of Archeology, where Oetzi is housed, said.
"The reconstruction of the hands was a challenge, since they could not be captured on CT scans," the museum in Bolzano, northern Italy said.
Three replicas were made, one of which will be part of a travelling exhibition that will tour North America, starting in the North Carolina Museum of Natural Science in Raleigh in October 2017.
The second and the third replicas will be used for teaching purposes at the Cold Spring Harbor DNA Learning Center in New York (DNALC).
In what became an archaeological sensation, Oetzi's mummified remains were found high in the Oetztal Alps - hence the name - by hikers in September 1991 after being preserved in the ice since the Stone Age.
Clothing and equipment including an axe and a backpack found at the site, as well as the contents of Oetzi's stomach, his DNA and his 61 tattoos gave scientists highly valuable insights into human life at the time.
He died a violent death, killed by an arrow, around the age of 45. He was 1.6 metres (five foot, three inches) tall, weighed 50 kilos (110 pounds), had brown eyes and was lactose intolerant.
A 3-D-printed copy of Oetzi the Iceman stands in the South Tyrol Museum of Archeology.
New DNA analysis has revealed that Oetzi, the 5,300-year-old mummy discovered in a melting glacier in the Italian Alps 25 years ago, harbored a pathogen in his stomach when he was murdered. The bug,
, is common and gives people gastritis and stomach ulcers. In order to make the discovery, scientists completely defrosted the mummy and took samples of its stomach.
Eduard Egarter-Vigl and Albert Zink take a sample from the completely defrosted Iceman mummy in November 2010.
Researchers extract the DNA of the Iceman's stomach contents at the lab of the European Academy(EURAC) in north Italy's Bozen/Bolzano.
This detail of X-ray imaging reveals the Iceman's stomach and intestine.
This chart shows the concentrations of the
pathogen in the Iceman's stomach and intestine and the site of the muscle control sample. Further analysis showed that the train of
the Iceman harbored was a representative of the bacterial population of Asian origin that existed in Europe before hybridization. "This puts things into wonderful perspective for us with just one genome. We can say the waves of migrations that brought the African strain into Europe had not occurred, or had not occurred in earnest, by the time the Iceman was alive," Yoshan Moodley, at the University of Venda, South Africa, explained.