The reddish-brown scorpion, named Euscorpius lycius, doesn't even pack a dangerous sting. The effects of the sting rival those of a mosquito. The scorpion was described in the journal ZooKeys.
Although the scorpion has probably been squashed under everything from Greek sandals to Ottoman slippers, entomologists did not realize that it was a separate species from four other similar small, red-brown scorpions that live from North Africa to Europe until recently. The Lycian scorpion may never inspire a mythical quest, nevertheless I find it amazing that new species continue to turn up in places where humans have lived for centuries.
ANALYSIS: 8.74 Million Species on Earth
For example, earlier this year, ornithologists discovered a new species of orange-headed bird in Phnom Penh, the capital city of Cambodia, home to 1.5 million people. Last year on the campus of the University of Missouri, entomologists described a new species of aphid which seems to live only on the grounds of the school.
Top Image: A female Euscorpius lycius. (Ersen Aydın Yağmur)