For instance, narcissistic qualities can seem "adaptive" in the form of leadership or authority behaviors, which mesh well with personality traits needed to transition into the workplace. Let's just say these people are the go-getters, and narcissism serves a purpose that's not negatively viewed by themselves or others.
On the other hand, narcissism may come in the form of exhibitionism or self-entitlement - two features that aren't exactly desirable or beneficial.
With this in mind, researchers studied survey responses from 368 undergraduates and 439 of their family members. Because of response limitations, the team drew its analysis from how the students viewed themselves, their mothers and vice versa.
The undergrads answered questions about their levels of perceived narcissism and satisfaction with life based on established scales. They also completed the Big-Five Personality Test, which measures self-perceived levels of agreeableness, extroversion, conscientiousness, neuroticism and openness.