He was deified after his death in A.D. 14, and a calendar month - Sextilis - was renamed Augustus (August) in his honor.
The architect of the "Pax Romana" (Roman Peace), a 200-year period of peace and prosperity after years of civil war, Augustus was known for his fear of thunder and lightning and for his dislike of ostentation and excess.
"For more than 40 years, he used the same bedroom in winter and summer," Suetonius wrote in his "Life of Augustus."
Augustus lived in the house near the Curiae Veteres for just three years. His family then moved to the Carinae, a spur of the Esquiline Hill that stretched toward the Palatine.
When he was 18 years old, Augustus bought a house near the Roman Forum; then, at 36, he moved again to the Palatine, where he bought the house of the orator Hortensius.
His choice of residence was again most likely symbolic. It was located just above what is believed to be the grotto where Romans once worshiped the city's founders, Romulus and Remus.
Augustus lived there, in a beautifully frescoed house, until he was crowned Rome's first emperor. The residence was reopened to the public in 2008, after a 2 million euro restoration.