While governments work this out, private citizens are under fire, Smith said.
"It is a sobering thing to think about," he said. "But consider this: For over two thirds of a century, the world's governments have been committed to protecting civilians in times of war. But when it comes to cyberattacks, nation-state hacking has evolved into attacks on civilians in times of peace."
There are others in the tech community - especially those ob the front lines - who agree it's time for governments to establish treaties that govern malevolent acts in cyberspace. Eugene Kaspersky, the CEO of Kaspersky Lab, a global leader in IT security wrote an op-ed in Forbes reacting to Smith's call to action and agreeing wholeheartedly.
"Yes! Yes! Yes!" he wrote. "The world needs an international convention like this badly and urgently. One should have been adopted a long time ago, and I've been advocating such a thing for I don't know how many years. Ten? Fifteen? News that it's finally gaining traction and there are tech big-guns throwing their weight behind it is music to my ears."