Migratory birds are veering off course. Newborn sea turtles are crawling inland rather than moving towards the sea. Nocturnal insects are flocking to the cities.
Why all the confusion in the animal kingdom? Artificial lights.
Researchers convened to discuss the increasing impacts of light pollution earlier this week at the 24th annual International Congress for Conservation Biology in Edmonton, Alberta.
In the past century, night lighting has increased substantially. In a Nature News article, Travis Longcore, organizer of the conference and director of the California-based Urban Wildlands Group said, "We've turned major swathes of the globe into permanent full moon, or more."
And because of this, animals around the globe are suffering.
The most well known light pollution effects are on migratory birds. Bright lights distract and often disorient the birds, drawing them off course and sometimes leading them to fly into the sides of buildings.
But migratory animals are not the only victims. Night-foraging creatures, such as bats and mice, rely on the darkness to either hunt or provide protection from predators.