Chariots were introduced to Egypt by the Hyksos, the "rulers of foreign countries" who dominated the Nile valley for over a century during the Second Intermediate Period (1664 - 1569 B.C.).
The so-called Florence chariot, shown here, is the only known surviving example of the evolution of the Egyptian model from the Hyksos's horse-drawn chariots.
"The chariot was found disassembled in an unknown tomb of the Theban necropolis by Ippolito Rosellini," Maria Cristina Guidotti, director of the Egyptian Museum of Florence, Italy, told Discovery News.
Rosellini had embarked in 1828-29 on a pioneering expedition along the Nile with Jean-Francois Champollion, the French philologist who deciphered the Rosetta Stone.
"Rosellini believed the chariot was war booty. It was made from seven types of wood coming from trees which don't grow in Egypt. In reality, the chariot was produced by the Egyptians and has been dated to the 18th Dynasty (1550-1292 B.C. )." Guidotti said.
The vehicle, which shows signs of wear and tear, is characterized by a four-spoke wheel. During King Tut's times, it was replaced by the more sophisticated six-spoke wheel chariots.