Of the tomb's four rooms, only the walls of the burial chamber are decorated.
However, the wall paintings in this chamber, as well as some of the tomb's other surfaces, are marred by disfiguring brown spots, which were first noted by Howard Carter when he discovered the treasure-packed burial.
The nature and origin of the spots have never been fully ascertained, and they are among the technical conservation challenges presented by the tomb.
"I always see the tomb of King Tut and wonder about those spots, which no scientist has been able to explain. I have worried about these, and have asked experts to examine the scenes," Dr. Zahi Hawass said.
The conservation plan will involve a two-year research period to determine the causes of deterioration, followed by a three-year implementation plan.
"The SCA-GCI project will include scientific analysis of the problems afflicting the wall paintings," said Tim Whalen, director of the GCI. "But that is only one aspect of the project. The ultimate goal of our work with our Egyptian colleagues is to develop a long-term conservation and maintenance plan for this tomb that can serve as a model for preservation of similar sites."