RELATED: Why Hurricane Matthew is So Strong
But why don't some people listen to the warnings? One possibility is that in the 11 years since Hurricane Wilma made landfall, Florida has gained a lot of new residents who have no experience with hurricane dangers. But that's refuted in part by a 2011 study published in the journal Risk Analysis found that while having lived through hurricanes did have some effect on perception of risk, it wasn't as powerful of a factor as personality.
A study of people who survived Hurricane Katrina, published in the journal Psychological Science in 2009, suggests that people who choose to ride out hurricanes have strikingly different mindsets and values compared to those who heed evacuation warnings.
"Leavers emphasized independence, choice and control, whereas stayers emphasized interdependence, strength and faith, " the researchers wrote.
People who stayed put during the storm and those who fled tended to come from different socio-economic strata. Leavers had more education and income, greater access to news information, and more reliable means of transportation. They also tended to have more geographically spread-out social networks, so in some cases they could stay with friends instead of checking into a public shelter.