Related on TestTube:
The Neuroscience of Love
Is 'Love at First Sight' Real?
Each week on TestTubePlus, we pick one topic and cover it from multiple angles. So far, Trace has explained how the different stages of love affect our body, different kinds of love, the importance of physical touch, and what science has to say about 'love at first sight'. In this final episode of this series looking at love and human connection, Trace explores the traditions around love, and how the idea of marriage has vastly changed over the years.
Most Americans see marriage as a bond between two people who love each other (maybe with some nods to religious traditions thrown in). But the the concept of marriage predates recorded history. For centuries, it was a way of making alliances, strengthening your social standing, and used to increase your family's political gain and land holdings. Marriage was a contract between families: parents married off their children to bring as much gain to themselves as their kids. It was also used to keep wealth between distant branches of family: Rutgers anthropologist Robin Fox estimates that the majority of all marriages throughout history were between first and second cousins. Not very romantic.
It wasn't until religion became widespread that rules around marriage started to become standardized. Monogamy started to become part of Western marriages sometime between after the sixth century, BCE, when the Catholic Church argued with kings who wanted to marry multiple women. In 1215, the Catholic Church stated that partners had to publicly post notices of an impending marriage in a local parish, and people had three weeks to object. Their goal was to cut down on the frequency of invalid marriages. It wasn't until the 1500's that you needed a witness to have your marriage officially recognized by the Church.
And it wasn't until relatively recently that governments began getting involved with the formalization of marriage. Massachusetts, for example, only started to require marriage licenses in 1639. It wasn't until the 19th-century that marriage licenses were required by most of the U.S. Marriage just recently started grasping the concept of equality. Today, it seems like we are starting to grasp that gender roles don't really have a place in modern marriage. Perhaps we realized marriage is strong enough to handle the new gender roles as they are realized or molded to society's needs. Modern marriage is finally becoming equal in Western society. Today, it's just a way for two people to publicly announce and celebrate their love.
TestTube Plus is built for enthusiastic science fans seeking out comprehensive conversations on the geeky topics they love. Each week, host Trace Dominguez probes deep to unearth the details, latest developments, and opinions on big topics like boobs, porn, the ocean, stereotypes, fear, survival, dreams, space travel, and many more.
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Is Love at First Sight Possible? (Psychology Today)
"There are many reports about love at first sight. Thus, Carla Bruni said that it was love at first sight between her and the former French President Nicolas Sarkozy. She said that what happened 'between Nicolas and me was not quick, it was instant. So for us, [the wedding] was actually very slow.',"
Divorce rate cut in half for newlyweds who discussed 5 relationship movies (Eureka Alert)
"Discussing five movies about relationships over a month could cut the three-year divorce rate for newlyweds in half, researchers report. The study, involving 174 couples, is the first long-term investigation to compare different types of early marriage intervention programs."
I like my dog, does my dog like me? (Applied Animal Behaviour)
"In this study, the possibility of there being an association between how an owner perceives his/her relationship to their dog and the way the dog experiences the relationship to its owner was investigated using two well-established methods within the anthrozoology literature."
Patterns of Brain Activation when Mothers View Their Own Child and Dog: An fMRI Study (PLOSone)
"Neural substrates underlying the human-pet relationship are largely unknown. We examined fMRI brain activation patterns as mothers viewed images of their own child and dog and an unfamiliar child and dog."
This Is Your Brain on Heartbreak (Greater Good)
"As most of us know all too well, when you're reeling from the finale of a romantic relationship that you didn't want to end, your emotional and bodily reactions are a tangle: You're still in love and want to reconcile, but you're also angry and confused; simultaneously, you're jonesing for a "fix" of the person who has abruptly left your life, and you might go to dramatic, even embarrassing, lengths to get it, even though part of you knows better."
Study: Women hurt more by breakups but recover more fully (Eureka Alert)
"Women experience more emotional pain following a breakup, but they also more fully recover, according to new research from Binghamton University. Researchers from Binghamton University and University College London asked 5,705 participants in 96 countries to rate the emotional and physical pain of a breakup on a scale of one (none) to 10 (unbearable)."