Foreign - and especially Western - doctors are often particularly distrusted as potentially harboring dark motives under the guise of medical help. In some cases doctors have been accused of intentionally infecting victims with Ebola for sinister purposes, such as testing experimental drugs on unsuspecting victims.
These rumors have many roots, including xenophobia and a general distrust of doctors. For many, the beliefs make perfect sense. Patients around the world avoid going to doctors out of fear of what they might find out, preferring not to know if something is wrong. Others avoid hospitals because, they say, that's where many people get sicker than before they went in. To be fair, there's some truth to that - many otherwise healthy people have died after being infected with MRSA and other deadly bacteria while in hospitals.
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The rumors are not just preventing doctors from treating patients and spreading the disease - they are also offering false claims of cures. In Nigeria, for example, public officials have grown concerned about rumors that shamen and witch doctors have cured Ebola victims: "Commissioner for Information and Strategy Aderemi Ibirogba specifically advised the citizenry to be wary of the activities of alleged fraudsters who were reportedly making spurious claims about their ability to provide cure for the deadly virus," according to a statement. Other rumors claim that Ebola can be spread through casual contact (it can't) or that home remedies or even magic can cure it.