How Competitions Are Advancing The New Space Race
Since the 1700s, science competitions have fueled the field of scientific innovation. So what are some of the largest scientific prizes?
The Space Race (history.com)
"After World War II drew to a close in the mid-20th century, a new conflict began. Known as the Cold War, this battle pitted the world's two great powers-the democratic, capitalist United States and the communist Soviet Union-against each other."
The Longitude Act, 1714 (longitudeprize.org)
"For any maritime nation, investment in long distance trade, outposts and settlements overseas made navigation, including the ability to determine a ship's longitude, increasingly important."
A $10m Competition To Usher In A New Era Of Private Space Travel (ansari.xprize.org)
"Funded by the Ansari family, the Ansari XPRIZE challenged teams from around the world to build a reliable, reusable, privately financed, manned spaceship capable of carrying three people to 100 kilometers above the Earth's surface twice within two weeks."
Milestone Prizes (lunar.xprize.org)
"The Milestone Prizes, totaling US$6 million, demonstrated (via actual testing and analysis) robust hardware and software to overcome key technical risks in the areas of imaging, mobility and lander systems - all three being necessary to achieve a successful Google Lunar XPRIZE mission. Milestone Prizes were available in each of those three categories."