"This amazing superhydrophobic anti-fogging property is especially important in developing anti-freezing-fog materials for applications in some extreme and hazardous environments," write the researchers.
Freezing fog occurs when water vapor is super-cooled and forms a dense ice layer. This can cause havoc with electrical and telecommunication networks, and reduce the lift force that keeps airplanes in the air. The material could also be used as a transparent coating on the windows of cars, airplanes and buildings, add the researchers.
Mosquito eyes have previously inspired anti-fog materials, but the structure of their eyes are quite different, say the researchers. Also, the researchers say the system used to make previous bio-inspired anti-fogging inorganic nanostructures is not as suitable for mass production as the chemical synthesis they have used.
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