10 Ways to Find a New Species
The five new species are found in Brazil, Peru, and Bolivia. Their ranges extend throughout the Amazon Basin and the Guiana Shield. The monkeys are elusive, and for good reason: humans and other predators like to eat them. In other words, we've been killing animals not even knowing what they really were.
"This revision of the genus shows clearly how little we still know about the diversity of the natural world that surrounds us and upon which we ourselves depend so much," said Russell Mittermeier, president of Conservation International and for whom one of the new species, Pithecia mittermeieri, was named.
The other new saki monkeys were named after other prominent primatologists and animal conservationists, such as Alcides Pissinatti and José de Souza e Silva-Júnior. One of the monkeys was also named after Isabel Gramesón Godin, considered "the first woman of the Amazon." She lived in Colonial Peru (now Ecuador) in the 18th century and was the lone survivor of a grueling, 42-person, 3,000-mile expedition from her city in the Andes, all the way across the Amazon basin to French Guiana.