The astronomers have been able to read incredible details from this observation, including information about the ring system's shape, orientation and width. There are two sharply confined rings 7 kilometers (4.3 miles) and 3 kilometers (1.9 miles) wide separated by a 9 kilometer (5.6 miles) gap. The rings are being nicknamed Oiapoque and Chuí, two rivers in Brazil.
ANALYSIS: Asteroid Hunter Discovers Comet ‘Weirdo'
The ring gap and the ring system's defined shape is suggestive of the presence of a small satellite in orbit around the asteroid.
"So, as well as the rings, it's likely that Chariklo has at least one small moon still waiting to be discovered," said Braga-Ribas.
All this information points to the ring system and hypothetical moon as being debris from an asteroid impact. It seems possible that the moon may be formed out of the ring debris, hinting at the moon formation process that may have spawned Earth's moon and other moons found throughout the solar system.
This discovery has been published in the March 26 online edition of the journal Nature.