Easly on, Janet Davey, a forensic Egyptologist from Monash University, concluded that the mummy was female, after studying the bone structure imaged by the CT scanner. Anthropologist Caroline Wilkinson from Liverpool John Moores University in the UK who is an expert in facial reconstruction, seconded the finding.
The ancient woman was named Meritamun, which means beloved of the god Amun.
Additional analysis indicated that Meritamun lived in ancient Egypt, stood about 5 feet 4 inches tall and was between the ages of 18 and 25 when she died.
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In the CT scans, it's clear that Meritamun suffered from two tooth abscesses. The tooth decay could have occurred from eating sugar, which was imported to the region after Alexander the Great's conquest of Egypt in 331BC.
But it could have also come from eating honey.
The fine quality of the linen bandages indicate that Meritamun held a high status and was most likely embalmed during the time of the Pharoahs, before Alexander conquered the area.
For those reasons, Davey thinks the woman lived around 1500 BCE, although the team is still awaiting the results of radio carbon dating to confirm.
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Clues in the CT scans reveal that Meritamun may have died from the tooth abscesses. The CT scans also show evidence of anemia, a lack of red blood cells. When people have this condition, the bone marrow swells as it tries to produce more red blood cells and can thin the surround bone, leaving behind pits that are visible after death.
The thin, pitted bone could have also been caused by malaria parasites.
To reconstruct the face, the team used the CT scans to created a 3-D rendering and then printed the skull in two sections.
Sculptor Jennifer Mann used the 3D-printed skull to reconstruct Meritamun's face.
The video above shows how Mann placed plastic markers at different locations on the skull to mark where tissue might be thicker or thinner, based on Meritamun's age.
The shape of the nose was estimated based on the size of the nasal cavity and the mouth took form based on Meritamun's overbite, revealed in the CT scan.
"It has been a hugely rewarding process to be able to transform the skull from CT data on a screen into a tangible thing that can be handled and examined," said department of anatomy and neuroscience's imaging technician Gavan Mitchell.
For this mysterious woman, a story has come to light.
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