Activists protest for clean air and for a solution of the 'dieselgate' affair by pretending to be choked with plastic bags over their heads at the European council in Brussels. | Frederik Sadones/Pacific Press/LightRocket via Getty Images

‘Dieselgate’ Scandal May Have Caused 5,000 Premature Deaths a Year in Europe

A study by Norwegian and Austrian organizations estimates the extra air pollution that resulted from the scandal led to nearly 5,000 premature deaths across Europe in 2013, before the cheating was discovered.

This map shows the concentration of fine particulate matter due to excess emissions of nitrous oxides from diesel cars, vans, and light commercial vehicles across Europe. Blue colors indicate low concentrations, orange and red indicates high extra pollution. (Unit: microgram PM2.5 per cubic meter, annual average 2013.) | Jonson et al