In the rigidly ordered society of "Divergent," teenagers are given a kind of futuristic aptitude test to determine their place in the world. Society is divided into five factions, each corresponding to a personality trait or virtue: Abnegation (selfless), Amity (peaceful), Candor (honest), Dauntless (brave) and Erudite (intelligent). There are no little circles or No. 2 pencils in this test, though. Instead, subjects are given a serum that triggers unconscious dream scenarios, which are then monitored via electrodes and shown onscreen.
Induced hallucinations aren't part of modern standardized testing (yet), but the idea of personality assessment tests goes back to the early 20th century. Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung used word association games to determine if his patients relied primarily on feeling, intuition, sensation or thinking. During World War I, the U.S. government hired researcher Robert Woodworth to develop a psychological test for Army recruits. The Woodworth Personal Data Sheet is widely considered the first personality test. Today, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) assessment is the most well-known of several systems.