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The Central American country of El Salvador is one of the most violent nations on earth, seeing an average of 30 murders per day due mostly to a rampant and violent gang war. El Salvador's police attribute 80% of all homicides to gang murders and retaliations. But it wasn't always this way. Many experts trace the ascension of gangs in El Salvador to its 12-year Civil War.
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Between 1980 and 1992, El Salvador was a fierce battleground, with revolutionary guerrilla armies fighting back against a brutal and ruthless government. By the end, over 75,000 civilians were dead, and many more displaced, trying to flee the ongoing violence. Many ended up immigrating to the United States, which is where the roots of El Salvador's modern gang problems began.
Read more about El Salvador's gangs:
NPR: How El Salvador Fell Into A Web Of Gang Violence
The Guardian: El Salvador gang violence pushes murder rate to postwar record