In May 2006, on the Indonesian island of Java, the largest mud volcano in the world began to erupt. Eventually, it would spew 6.3 million cubic feet of boiling mud every day. This may seem lackluster compared to the fiery fury of a lava volcano but it has had devastating consequences.
RELATED: Kissing Next To A Deadly Volcano
The Lapindo mudflow, called Lusi for short, has erupted continuously since 2006. An estimated 40,000 people have been displaced by its flow. Damages and attempts to contain it have cost $3 billion.
There are two main theories about what caused this disaster. One is that drilling at a site 500 feet from the volcano triggered it. The other possible cause is a magnitude-6.3 earthquake that struck 150 miles away about two days prior to the first eruption. While the oil and gas company that was drilling, Lapindo Brantas, believe the eruption is the result of natural causes, the Indonesian government has found them responsible, demanding $420 million in restitution for the victims and to fund efforts to end the eruptions.
Read more about the largest mud volcano in the world:
LiveScience: Catastrophic Mud Eruption Had Natural Causes, Study Finds
Ars Technica: Indonesian mud volcano probably human-triggered