Even though women on average commuted fewer minutes each day than men, more commuting equated to lower well-being scores. Among both sexes, though, people with more active forms of commuting (driving versus taking the bus) had lower well-being scores.
The team's analysis, featured in the Journal of Health Economics, relies on associations between people's answers to a General Health Questionnaire and minutes commuting.
It's difficult to rule out other factors not accounted for in the study, but it still brings up an interesting point: Why is a person's commute not factored into their work experience? Why don't governments and companies consider the effects of commuting on workers?
It's likely more research on this topic will explore whether commutes actually produce these effects or simply exacerbate existing stress.
On the other hand, studying the effects of traffic is a road researchers have already traveled down. Indeed, it's safe to say traffic rubs us the wrong way.
Other preliminary research supports the idea that mothers who try to take on too much in the workplace and home are more likely to feel depressed, according to one TIME article. A woman may feel guilty if her actions don't match up to what others expect her to do at home.