Neanderthal culture and purebred Neanderthals died out between 35,000 and 30,000 years ago, but they certainly made their mark before vanishing.
Anthropologists believe Neanderthals had fashion, art, music, tools and many other things that we commonly associate with Homo sapiens culture. Could our species have wiped out Neanderthal culture via ethnic cleansing? New research suggests that is possible.
Anthropologist Silvana Condemi, CNRS research director at the University of Ai-Marseille, told Discovery News that remains of an individual who lived in northern Italy 40,000 to 30,000 years ago are believed to be that of a human/Neanderthal hybrid. DNA evidence points to a possible Homo sapiens rape of a Neanderthal female. But whatever happened to the Neanderthals, they did not give up their culture.
The remains and other evidence, Condemi said, form "an important support to the hypothesis of a slow process of replacement of Neanderthals by the invading modern human populations, as well as additional evidence of the upholding of the Neanderthals cultural identity."