Crucifixion is often associated with Jesus, yet this atrocious execution method was used long before Jesus's birth.
Crucifixion probably originated with the Assyrians and Babylonians and then became common among the Persians in the 6th century B.C.
Alexander the Great brought the practice to the eastern Mediterranean countries in the 4th century B.C. According to Roman historian Quintus Curtius Rufus, the Macedonian king crucified 2,000 survivors from his siege of the Phoenician city of Tyre, now Lebanon, in 332 B.C.
However, the only archaeological evidence of crucifixion dates to the 1st century A.D. It was uncovered in a cave in Giv'at ha-Mivtar, in northeast Jerusalem, and consisted of the remains of one male individual named Yehohanan.
A heel bone had an iron stake driven through it, indicating the man was nailed to a cross.
Photos: What Did Jesus Look Like?