Space & Innovation

Creative Machines: A.I. and Robots Make Art

Advanced machines systems are attempting traditional artistic activities like painting, writing and composing music.

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Rapid advances in robotics and artificial intelligence are resulting in some interesting developments lately – particularly in the realm of creativity. The question of whether machines can actually produce art is a

matter of debate

, but it's certainly true that robots and A.I. systems around the planet are engaging in traditionally creative endeavors -- painting, writing, composing music, even dancing. We take a look at some recent developments in the emerging world of creative machines.

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A.I. Artists Paint with Brush and Canvas

Painting robots have been around for several decades now, but recent developments in image recognition have elevated the process to a whole new level. The

2016 RobotArt

contest features cutting-edge robotics systems that not only paint with brush and canvas, but use built-in cameras to evaluate and modify paintings in progress -- just as a painter steps back from the easel. The

eDavid system

, from the University of Konstanz in Germany, does just that.

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In an intriguing variation on the painting robot theme, an international team of researchers has developed a kind of

“smart” spray paint can

for creating large murals. Just wave the can in front of a wall or large canvas and the nozzle triggers on its own, recreating any digital image fed into the system.

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New A.I. Test: Can Machines Make Art?

Developed by an all-star squad of European university scientists, the new

DeepArt

online service creates original images in the style of famous artists. More than just a photo filter, the system uses advanced neural networking A.I technology to create original artworks when given a source image and a sample from a particular artist – Van Gogh, say.

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Robot Creates Beautiful Light Paintings

Algorithmic composition is the emerging designation for music that is composed largely by artificial intelligence or dedicated computer programs.

David Cope

, professor at the University of California at Santa Cruz, has developed several A.I. systems that can generate complete orchestral compositions.

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Steampunk Artist Transforms Ocean Trash: Photos

Robots are making progress in the performing arts as well. The traveling spectacle known as

Z-Machines

is a robotic rock power trio designed by engineers from the University of Tokyo. The band consists of March, a 78-fingered guitarist; Ashura, a 22-armed drummer, and Cosmo, who plays his keyboard setup with lasers.

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Graffiti Robot Spray-Paints Murals On Its Own

Creative writing is an activity that would seem uniquely human, but once again we find the robots are making inroads. Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have created a system called

Scheherazade

that combines crowdsourcing and artificial intelligence to generate choose-your-own-adventure-style stories.

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Robot Poet Composes The Sands Of Time

It turns out A.I. can dance, too. In this still image from the performance piece

Emergence

, a human dancer performs a duet with an “artificially intelligent performance agent” developed at Deakin University in Australia. The neural-network performance agent, projected on a screen,

reacts in real-time

to the dancer's movement and style by way of motion-capture technology.

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Top 10 Robot Talents

The art of sculpture -- defined as visual art in three dimensions -- dates all the way back to the Paleolithic era. Robots are relatively new to the game, but both individual artists and modern commercial outfits regularly use robotic systems to create original sculptures. Here, a robot from the British water jet sculptors

Aquacut

puts the finishing touches on a laser-scanned bust. You can see a video of the entire process

here

.

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Robots Rising Up In Odd Places

The art of the joke is one area where A.I. has particular trouble. A

research project

at Virginia Tech is attempting to instruct neural networks how to recognize basic cartoons and funny clip art, and the results are not encouraging. (Presumably, decoding inscrutable

New Yorker cartoons

is at least a generation away.) Then there's

RoboThespian

, pictured above, a stand-up comedian robot developed by the Cognitive Science Research Group at Queen Mary University of London. Its open-mic gig didn't go well, either.

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