Established in 1607, Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in the Americas, may have helped the British gain a foothold in the New World, but it came at a high cost, as evidenced by recent research from the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Fossil evidence shows that the earliest settlers resorted to cannibalism in order to survive the brutal conditions of what was known as the "starving time."
During the winter of 1609-10, three-quarters of the colonists died, and those remaining turned to cannibalism as a last resort. The remains of a 14-year-old girl reveal that she was butchered for food, although the cause of her death could not be established.
Jamestown would recover and thrive in the years that followed. But if Jamestown is an example of a successful colony, what do the failures look like?